Sensorial activities help children sort, arrange and classify their day-to-day experiences and understand the world around them. Sensorial activities first enable a child to isolate fundamental qualities perceived through the five senses – colour, smell, texture, taste, sound, shapes, dimension, temperature, weight, etc. Once mastered, children are then introduced to distinguish qualities such as long/short, loud/soft, rough/smooth, circle, square, cube, etc.
While this is a concrete material that is a representation of square of ten additions, in a Montessori classroom of 3 to 6 year old children, this activity is primarily used to enable the child to learn to discriminate size, shapes and color.
The purpose of this activity is for the child to learn the names of these geometric solids/shapes.
While it looks like a simple block set, it is one of the most intriguing activities in the Montessori classroom. It is based on solid engineering principles that seemingly defies gravity. It requires fine motor skills and forces the child to concentrate and follow guidelines for the ultimate success – the arch to stand on its own when the support is removed.
This activity consists of four sets of ten cylinders, varying in height, thickness, diameter, and colour. Using the sense of touch and sight, this activity aid children develop concentration, fine motor skills, hand-eye coordination, and perception of dimension.
This activity allows the children to differentiate size using the senses of touch and sight. Having to sort the pieces to place them in the right locations inherently teaches them to think logically. Picking up the pieces by the knobs allows them to develop strong pincer grip.
This activity is designed to help children develop the ability to recognize the form and nature of objects by feeling them, i.e., by the sense of touch, like a blind person would do.
This activity allows the child to differentiate size using the senses of touch and sight. Having to sort the pieces to place them in the right locations inherently teaches the child to think logically. Picking up the pieces by the knobs allows him/her to develop strong pincer grip.
The binomial cube is a concrete representation of the cube of (a+b). This activity is meant for 3-4 year old children and, at this early stage, the purpose of this activity is to simply challenge the child to find patterns and relationships among the blocks.
These children are learning the various shapes of leafs.
This activity of playing the bells enables children to explore sound and understand musical notes. It is an introduction to music. Eventually, the children will learn to read and write music.
These children are learning the names of various geometric shapes.
This activity of building a tower made of cubes enables the children to learn to visually discriminate each cube by size.